This article may be available at your local public library and is at http://www.thelancet.com (though to view it, you must become a member (not subscriber) of the Lancet's site, then click on "search", then choose volume 351, page 1840.
"Compared with never smokers, smokers had an increased risk of dementia . . . and Alzheimer's disease. Smoking was a strong risk factor in [certain smokers]." Their "interpretation" is that "Smoking was associated with a doubling of the risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease."
"Smoking is a risk factor for vascular disease, including atherosclerosis and thrombosis, and increases the risk of vascular dementia. . . . Vascular involvement is probably more important than previously thought in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease."
"mutations of cellular genetic structures, deviation of cellular characteristics from their optimal normal state [leading to] a body-wide spectrum of disease,"—R. T. Ravenholt, M.D., M.P.H., writing in 307 New England Journal of Med (5) 312 (29 July 1982).
|acetaldehyde (1.4+ mg)||arsenic (500+ ng)||benzo(a)pyrene (.1+ ng)|
|cadmium (1,300+ ng)||crotonaldehyde (.2+ µg)||chromium (1,000+ ng)|
|ethylcarbamate 310+ ng)||formaldehyde (1.6+ g)||hydrazine (14+ ng)|
|lead (8+ µg)||nickel (2,000+ ng)||radioactive polonium (.2+ Pci).|
|"Loss of memory takes place in an extraordinary degree in the smoker, much more so than in the drunkard."—John Lizars, M.D., The Use and Abuse of Tobacco (Edinburgh: 1859), p 34.
"Smoking tobacco weakens the nervous powers; favors a dreamy, imaginative, and imbecile state of existence; produces indolence and incapability of manly or continued exertion; and sinks its votary into a state of careless or maudlin inactivity and selfish enjoyment of his vice.
"He ultimately becomes partially, but generally paralyzed in mind and body—he is subject to tremors and numerous nervous ailments, and has recourse to stimulants for their relief. These his vices cannot abate, however indulged in, and he ultimately dies a drivelling idiot, an imbecile paralytic, or a sufferer from internal organic disease, at an age many years short of the average duration of life."—Lizars, supra, p 119.
|Cigarette Chemical||Emission Quantity|
Average Quantities Above
|acetaldehyde||3,200 ppm||200.0 ppm|
|acrolein||150 ppm||0.5 ppm|
|ammonia||300 ppm||150.0 ppm|
|carbon monoxide||42,000 ppm||100.0 ppm|
|formaldehyde||30 ppm||5.0 ppm|
|hydrogen cyanide||1,600 ppm||10.0 ppm|
|hydrogen sulfide||40 ppm||20.0 ppm|
|methyl chloride||1,200 ppm||100.0 ppm|
|nitrogen dioxide||250 ppm||5.0 ppm|
"any person within the state" from action that "manufactures, sells or gives to anyone, any cigarette containing any ingredient deleterious to health or foreign to tobacco . . . ."
Honorable Rick Snyder
Governor, State of Michigan
P. O. Box 30013
Lansing MI 48909-7513 [By Fax to (517) 335-6863]
Dear Governor Snyder:
Honorable William Schuette
Attorney General, State of Michigan
P. O. Box 30213
Lansing MI 48909
Dear Attorney General Schuette:
Col. Kristie Etue, Director
Department of State Police
714 South Harrison Road
East Lansing MI 48823
Dear Col. Kristie Etue:
|President George W. Bush||U.S. Senator _______||U.S. Representative __||Governor ___||State Senator __||State Representative __|
|1600 Pennsylvania Avenue||Senate Office Building||House Office Building||State Capitol||State Capitol||State Capitol|
|Washington DC 20500||Washington DC 20510||Washington DC 20515||City State Zip||City State Zip||City State Zip|
|Discussion Group: More Participants Welcome|
Please visit our tobacco effects overview site.
Copyright © 1999 Leroy J. Pletten