|Welcome to the book Health: Its Friends and Its Foes (1862), by Reuben D. Mussey, M.D., LL.D. To go to the "Table of Contents" immediately, click here.
Tobacco pushers and their accessories conceal the breadth of tobacco effects, the enormity of the tobacco holocaust, and the long record of documentation.
The concealment process is called the "tobacco taboo." Other pertinent words are "censorship" and "disinformation."
Here is the text by Reuben D. Mussey, M.D., LL.D. (1780-1866) of an early exposé (1862) of tobacco dangers, the tobacco chapter only (pp 93-131). It cites facts you don't normally ever see, due to the "tobacco taboo."
Dr. Mussey, a "physician who gained an international reputation," was Professor of Surgery, Medical College of Ohio, 1837 to 1851, and the fourth President of the American Medical Association (1850).
The phrase "tobacco taboo" is the term for the pro-tobacco censorship policy—to not report most facts about tobacco.
As you will see, information about the tobacco danger was already being circulated in 1862, 102 years before the famous 1964 Surgeon General Report. Be prepared.
Health: Its Friends and Its Foes
by Reuben D. Mussey, M.D., LL.D.
(Boston: Gould & Lincoln;
New York: Sheldon & Co;
Cincinnati: George S. Blanchard,
1862, reprinted 1863 and 1866)
|Tobacco—Influence Upon Life and Health||93|
|I. Use of Tobacco Unnatural||93|
|II. Effects of Tobacco on Animal Life||94|
|III. Harmful Effects on Humans||98|
|IV. Case Examples||116|
TOBACCO—INFLUENCE UPON LIFE AND HEALTH.
§ I. USE OF TOBACCO UNNATURAL.
§ I. USE OF TOBACCO UNNATURAL.
Of that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste
Brought death into the world and all our woe,
With loss of Eden."
Immediately the animal uttered piteous cries and began to froth at the mouth. In one minute the pupils of the eyes were dilated and the respiration was laborious; in two and a half minutes, vomiting and staggering; in four minutes, evacuations, the cries continued, the voice hoarse and unnatural; in five minutes, repeated attempts at vomiting; in seven minutes, respiration somewhat improved.
In one minute the ears were in rapid convulsive motion, and presently tremors and violent convulsions extended over the body and limbs. In three and a half minutes the animal fell upon the side senseless and breathless, and the heart had ceased to beat.
In fifteen seconds, the ears were thrown into rapid and convulsive motions; in thirty seconds, fruitless attempty to vomit; in one minute, convulsive respiration, the animal falling upon the side; in four minutes and twenty seconds, violent convulsions; in five minutes the breathing and the heart's motion had ceased.
"A woman applied to the heads of three children, for a disease of the scalp, an ointment prepared with the powder of tobacco and butter. Soon after they experienced dizziness, violent vomitings and faintings, acompanied with profuse sweats."1
|that on the 6th of May, 1825, he was consulted by Mrs. F. on account of her little daughter L. F., then five years old, who had a small ringworm, scarcely three fourths of an inch in diameter, situated upon the root of the nose.
Her object was to ascertain the doctor's opinion as to the propriety of making a local application of tobacco in the case. He objected to it as an exceedingly hazardous measure; and to impress his opinion more fully, related a case, a record of which he had seen, in which, a father destroyed the life of his little son by the use of tobacco-spittle upon an eruption or humor of the head.
Immediately after the doctor left the house, the mother besmeared the tip of her finger with a little of the "strong juice" from the grandmother's tobacco-pipe, and proceeded to apply it to the ringworm, remarking that "if it should strike to the stomach it must go through the nose."
The instant the mother's finger touched the part affected, the eyes of the little patient were rolled up in their sockets, she sallied back, and in the act of falling was caught by the alarmed mother. The part was immediately washed with cold water with a view to dislodge the poison. But this was to no purpose, for the jaws were already firmly locked together, and the patient was in a senseless and apparently dying state.
The doctor [M. Long], who had stopped three fourths of a mile distant, to see a patient, was presently recalled. The symptoms were "coldness of the extremities, no perceptible pulse at the wrists, the jaws set together, deep insensibility, the countenance deathly." He succeeded in opening the jaws, so as to admit of the administration of the spirits of ammonia and lavender; frictions were employed, and everything done which at the time was thought likely to pro-
|mote resuscitation, but "it was an hour or an hour and a half before the little patient was so far recovered as to be able to speak."
"Till this time," says Dr. Long, "the child had been robust "and healthy, never having had but one illness that required medical advice; but since the tobacco experiment she has been continually feeble and sickly. The first four or five years after this terrible operation she was subject to fainting fits every three or four weeks, sometimes lasting from twelve to twenty-four hours; and many times, in those attacks, her life appeared to be in imminent danger. Within the last three or four years those turns have been less severe."
|ness or temporary loss of sight;|
|Ed. Note: For a number of additional examples of denial with respect to small quantites of poison, click here.|
"produced a continual thirst for stimulating drinks; and this tormenting thirst led me into the habit of drinking ale, porter, brandy, and other kinds of spirit, even to the extent at times of partial intoxication." The same writer adds, that "after he had subdued his appetite for tobacco, he lost all desire for stimulating drinks."
|Ed. Note: See also p 128 and 129, infra.|
|"It is, I believe, universally acknowledged that the long-continued habit of taking snuff irritates the fauces and epiglottis, producing cough, etc. Nor is dyspepsia the extent of its ill effects; the irritating particles extend through the whole length of the alimentary canal. Several inveterate snuff-takers have intimated to me the irritible state of the bowels; in whom it appeared that the mucous membrane was unnaturally stimulated and irritable. The oft-repeated stimulus leads to an enfeebled condition of the mucous membrane, a loss of contractile power, of healthy secretion, and of nervous stimulus: as regards the stomach, dyspepsia is the result; in the intestine, diarrhoea or constipation; in some cases, the rectum is principally affected, and it either retains the fæces, so as to form an impacted mass, which it is unable to propel, or, if fluid, the same feebleness allows the contents to pass rapidly to the sphincter, itself sometimes so enfeebled as to be unable to restrain an involuntary discharge. Snuff may actually be seen among these discharges.1|
|"It is more than twenty years (now 1859) since I was requested by a medical friend, Dr. S., to visit Mrs. O., a lady over sixty years of age, who for several months had|
|been affected, during her waking hours, with an involuntary and incessant opening and shutting of the mouth. The lower jaw was drawn down to the full extent of the power of the appropriate muscles, then brought up till the lips touched, then the same motions were repeated; but she had not lost the use of the tongue. She could converse, did did so very intelligently; but her appearance in conversation, with the accompaniment of a regular rhythmic motion of the jaw, was quite unique.
"On inquiry, I learned that she was in the habit of taking Scotch snuff freely and drinking largely of green tea. I was of opinion that the combined influence of these articles had caused her singular complaint, and advised her to quit them. Being a conscientious, good woman, she promised to try to leave them off.
"Six months afterward I requested Dr. S., by letter, to inform me of the state of Mrs. O's health. He replied that she was 'trying to leave off her snuff and tea,—that is, taking a little less one day, and a little more the next,—and her jaw was still going.'
"After the lapse of twenty years I learned from a member of her family that she ultimately succeeded in very greatly dimmishing the narcotics, and that she survived a number of years, with the muscles of the jaw so far paralyzed as nearly to destroy the power of mastication."
|"The subject was a highly intelligent|
|"man, aged sixty-five, stout, ruddy, early married, temperate, managing a large business." After premising that he commenced chewing tobacco at seventeen, swallowing the juice, as is sometimes customary, to prevent injuring his lungs from constant spitting, and that years after he suffered from a gnawing, capricious appetite, nausea, vomiting of meals, emaciation, nervousness, and palpitation of the heart, he dictated to Dr. Corson, recently, the following story:—
"Seven years thus miserably passed, when, one day after dinner, I was suddenly seized with intense pain in the chest, gasping for breath, and a sensation as if a crowbar were pressed tightly from the right breast to the left, till it came and twisted in a knot round the heart, which now stopped deathly still for a minute, and then leaped like a dozen frogs. After two hours of deathly suffering, the attack ceased; and I found that ever after my heart missed every fourth beat. My physician said that I had organic disease of the heart, must die suddenly, and need only take a little brandy for the painful paroxysms; and I soon found it the only thing that gave them any relief.
"For the next twenty-seven years I continued to suffer milder attacks like the above, lasting from one to several minutes, sometimes as often as two or three times a day or night; and to be sickly looking, thin, and pale as a ghost.
"Simply from revolting at the idea of being a slave to one vile habit alone, and without dreaming of the suffering it had cost me, after thirty-three years' use, I one day threw away tobacco forever.
"Words cannot describe my suffering and desire for a time. I was reminded of the Indian, who, next to all the rum in the world, wanted all the tobacco. But my firm will conquered. In a month my paroxysms nearly ceased,
|and soon after left entirely. I was directly a new man, and grew stout and hale as you see. With the exception of a little asthmatic breathing, in close rooms and the like, for nearly twenty years since I have enjoyed excellent health."|
Dr. C found the pulse still intermitting at every fourth beat.
|fied them into those who smoked habitually and those who did not, and estimated their physical and intellectual standing, perhaps their moral standing, too; but that he could not say. The result was, that they found that those who did not smoke were the stronger lads and better scholars, were altogether more respectable, and more useful members of society, than those who habitually used the drug.
"Louis Napoleon [1808-1873] instantly issued an edict that no smoking should be permitted in any college, school, or academy. In one day he put out about thirty thousand pipes in Paris alone."1 [Details].
|"Call the population one hundred and twenty thousand, say half are smokers; this, at a bit a day," that is, twelve and a half cents, "would make between seven and eight thousand dollars. But this is too low an estimate, since not men only, but women and children, smoke, and many at a large expense." He says that "the free negro of Cuba appropriates a bit from his daily wages to increase|
|the cloud of smoke that rises from the city and country."|
|"As long ago as 1839, Great Britain derived a revenue of $18,000,000 from the duty on tobacco. The actual loss to the nation was, of course, treble or quadruple that enormous sum,—an amount sufficient to have fed, clothed, and educated every one of the starving children under the government of Queen Victoria; and even sufficient to have extinguished, at no distant day, the immense national debt of the country."|
|"Leaving the question of its origin, the reader will not be surprised, when he considers how widely the practice of smoking prevails, that the total product of tobacco grown on the face of the globe has been calculated by Mr. Crawford to amount to the enormous quantity of two millions of tons. The comparative magnitude of this quantity will strike the reader more forcibly, when we state that the whole of the wheat consumed by the inhabitants of Great Britain—estimating it at a quarter a head, or, in round numbers, at twenty millions of quarters—weighs only four and one third millions of tons; so that the tobacco raised yearly for the gratification of this one form of the narcotic appetite weighs as much as the wheat con-|
|sumed by ten millions of Englishmen. And reckoning it at only double the market value of wheat, or two pence and a fraction per pound, it is worth in money as much as all the wheat eaten in Great Britain."|
|"Produce per acre, 800 lbs.; acres employed, 5,600,000; total produce in pounds, 4,480,000,000; value per pound, 2d.; total value in pounds sterling, £37,000,000, or about $185,000,000. And it may be estimated," says Prof. [James] Jobnston, "that tobacco is used among 800,000,000 of men."|
|Ed. Note: Other|
Smoking-Crime-Link References: The
Real 'Profile': White Male Smokers
|"At the age of twelve years, misled by some boyish fancy, I commenced the use of tobacco, and continued it with little restraint for about nineteen years. Generally I was in the habit of chewing tobacco, but sometimes for two, three, or four months together, I exchanged chewing for smoking. I have always led a sedentary life. After attaining to manhood, my ordinary weight was about one hundred and thirty pounds; once or twice only rising to one hundred and thirty-five, and falling not|
|unfrequently to one hundred and twenty-five, and sometimes to one hundred and seventeen. My appetite was poor and unsteady, the nervous system much disordered, and my life was greatly embittered by excessive and inordinate fear of death. My spirits were much depressed. I became exceedingly irresolute, so that it required a great effort to accomplish what I now do even without thinking of it. My sleep was disturbed; faintings and lassitude were my constant attendants.
"I had made two or three attempts to redeem myself from a habit which I knew was at best useless and foolish, if not prejudicial. But they were feeble and inefficient. Once, indeed, I thought I was sure that the giving up the use of tobacco injured my health, and I finally gave up all hopes of ever ridding myself of this habit.
"In the summer of 1830, my attention was called to the subject by some friends whom I visited, and, by the advice and example of a friend who had renounced the practice with the most decided advantage, I thought seriously upon the subject, and felt, what had scarce occurred to me before, how degrading it was to be enslaved by a habit so ignoble. I threw away my tobacco at once and entirely, and have not since used the article in any form. Yet this was not done without a great effort, and it was some months before I ceased to hanker for the pernicious weed.
"Since then my health has decidedly improved. I now usually weigh one hundred and forty-five pounds, and have risen to one hundred and fifty-two; rarely below one hundred and forty-five. My spirits are better. There is nothing of the faintness, lassitude, and fearful apprehensions before described. My appetite is good and my sleep sound. I have no resolution [will-power] to boast of, yet considerably more than I formerly had [Ed. Note: due to abulia].
|"In fine, I cannot tell what frenzy may seize me; yet, with my present feelings, I know not the wealth that would induce me to resume the unrestrained use of tobacco, and continue it through life."|
|"Mr. J. H—— began to chew tobacco at an early age, and used it finely. When about fifty-five years old he lost his voice, and was unable to speak above the whisper for three years. During the four or five years which preceded the loss of his voice he used a quarter of a pound of tobacco in a week. He was subject to fits of extreme melancholy; for whole days he would not speak to any one, was exceedingly dyspeptic, and was subject to nightmare.
"When about fifty-eight years old, that is, about thirteen years ago, he abandoned his tobacco. His voice gradually returned, and in one year was pretty good; his flesh and strength were greatly increased, and he now has a younger look than when he laid aside his narcotic."1
|"The patient," says he, "at the early age of fourteen, under the impression that it was a manly habit, commenced chewing tobacco; and a long and painful course of training was required, before the stomach could be brought to retain it. At length the natural aversion of this organ to the poison was so overcome, that an exceedingly large quantity might be taken without producing nausea.
"For several years the patient continued its uninterrupted use, swallowing all the secretions of the mouth saturated with this baneful narcotic, without experiencing much disturbance of health. At length he began to be harassed with heartburn, attended with copious eructations of an intensely acid fluid, together with other indications of dyspepsia. A watery stomach was suspected, and smoking was at once recommended in addition to chewing, to alleviate the accumulation of water in the stomach and to assist digestion. Smoking was accordingly practised after every meal, with little alleviation of the difficulty.
"The patient, however, being determined to be benefited by its use, resorted to it more frequently, smoking not only after eating, but several times between meals. Yet, to his great surprise, his troublesome symptoms were gradually augmented, notwithstanding his strenuous adherence to the practice.
"To the heartburn and acid eructations soon succeeded nausea, loss of appetite, a gnawing sensation in the stomach when empty, a sense of constriction in the throat,
|dryness in the mouth and fauces, thickening or huskiness of the voice, costiveness, paleness of the countenance, languor, emaciation, aversion to exercise, lowness of spirits, palpitations, disturbed sleep; in short, all the symptoms which characterize dyspepsia of the worst stamp.
"He was well-nigh unfitted for any kind of business, and his very existence began to be miserably burdensome.
"At last, being advised to abandon the use of tobacco in all its forms, and being fully persuaded that he either must relinquish it voluntarily, or that death would soon compel him to do it, he summoned all his resolution for the fearful agency, and, after a long and desperate struggle, obtained the victory. All the inconvenience he experienced was a few sleepless nights, and an incessant hankering after the accustomed fascinating influence of the cigar and cud.
"In a few days a manifest improvement in health was apparent, his appetite and strength returned, his sleep became more sound and refreshing, and he directly found himself in the enjoyment of better health than he had possessed at any time during ten years of vile submission to a depraved and unnatural appetite.
"After abstaining from it about two months, he again, by way of experiment, returned to the cud, cigar, and pipe; and but a few days were requisite to recall all his former dyspeptic symptoms. He again relinquished the habit, under the full conviction that tobacco was the sole cause of his illness, and he firmly resolved never to make further use of it."
Dear Sir—It was not until this late hour that I received your letter of the 4th inst. With pleasure I hasten to answer your inquiries with regard to my experience in the use of tobacco.
In the autumn of 1817, I commenced, I know not why, the use of tobacco. It was not until the spring of 1825, that I experienced any ill effects from it, except now and then heartburn, acid eructations, and occasional fits of melancholy.
At that time  I became dyspeptic. My food gave me much uneasiness; I had a sinking sensation at the pit of the stomach, wandering pains about the limbs, especially by night, disturbed sleep, loss of appetite, great difficulty of breathing from slight exercise, debility, emaciation, depression of sprits. Such have been my symptoms and feelings the last seven years; and in that time I have had two attacks of haemoptysis (spitting of blood), which I attribute solely to the relaxing effects of this narcotic.
The various remedies for dyspepsia were all tried in my case without the least benefit. About the first of December last , I gave up the use of tobacco, and, to my astonishment, within the first twenty-four hours my appetite returned; food gave no uneasiness, and strength returned. I have been generally gaining flesh [weight], so that now my weight is greater than it ever was, except once.
I never was in the habit of using more than half an ounce of tobacco a day. This would be but a moderate allowance for most persons who use the cud. I never was a smoker; my use of it was wholly confined to chewing.
A gentleman called a few weeks ago to consult me. His countenance was pallid and ghastly. He said that he had no appetite, was extremely debilitated, had palpitation of the heart and copious perspiration on slight
|exercise, wakefulness by night, and was gloomy.
" Sir," said I, "do you use tobacco?"
"How much on an average daily?"
I told him he must renounce its use, which he promised to do. He took no medicine. I saw him again in ten days. He said he was well, and was fully satisfied that his complaints were owing to the use of tobacco.
A friend of mine in this town, who has made a constant use of tobacco by chewing for more than thirty years of his life, was prevailed upon a few months ago to lay it aside, in consequence of having constant vertigo (dizziness); he is now well, and all who knew him are astonished to witness the increase of his flesh [weight gain] since he desisted from its use.
I can now count ten persons who were in a feeble state of health, and who have renounced tobacco by my advice, most of whom were troubled with nervous diseases and dyspepsia. They have all acquired better health.
You are at liberty to make what use of these remarks you please, and I will vouch for the truth of them.
Dear Sir—Yours of the 3d inst. has just been received, and in answer to your inquiry I have to say, that my health is better than when I last saw you in 1833, although, since that time, I have been afflicted with all my former unpleasant symptoms, namely, loss of appetite, debility, tremors, dizziness, palpitations of the heart, anxiety of mind, melancholy, etc.
You may ask what could be the cause of all these unpleasant sensatlous. I will tell you.
It was returning to the gratification of a depraved appetite in the use of tobacco; and I have no hesitancy in declaring it as my opinion, that could the causes of the many acts of suicide committed in the United States be investigated, it would be found that many instances were owing to the effects of tobacco upon the nervous system."
|It is now nearly two years since I have had anything to do with this enemy of the human race, and my health has never been better. I have a good appetite for food. My dyspeptic affection troubles me so little, that I hardly think of it. I never weighed so much before by several pounds.
One of the persons of whom I wrote before is still in this vicinity, and uses no tobacco; he enjoys uninterrupted health. The others do not now reside in this place.
|"I went on in this way," says he, "for thirty years; tobacco seemed to be my only comfort; I thought I could not live without it.
"Two years ago, finding my strength still more rapidly declining, I determined to be a slave to my appetites no longer, arid I discontinued the use of tobacco in every form. The [withdrawal symptoms] trial was a severe one, but the immediate improvement in my general health richly paid me for all I suffered.
"My appetite has returned, my food nourishes me, and after thirty successive years of debility, I have become strong.
"My weight, during the time I used tobacco, varied from one hundred and thirty to one hundred and forty
|pounds, but never exceeded one hundred and fifty; 1 now weigh over one hundred and eighty, and am a vigorous old man. I am in a great measure free from those stomach and liver complaints which followed me for thirty years. I do more work than I did fifteen years ago, and use none of what you doctors call artificial stimulants; for I have more recently reformed as to tea, which I had drank at least twice a day for forty-five years. It is useless, therefore, for folks to tell me that it won't do to break off old habits; I know, for I have tried it."|
|"not reckoning loss of time, and now and then a doctor's bill, anything." "A pretty little sum," says he, "for one in my circumstances, having always been pressed for money."|
|"a hollow, faint feeling at the stomach, want of appetite, ana sometimes severe spasms at the stomach. All the time I used tobacco my complaint was supposed to be liver complaint, and I took medicine for it. I was troubled with my food lying in my stomach for hours after eating; frequently I took rhubarb and saleratus, to help digestion; when the weight passed off, it left my stomach debilitated and full of pain, and I then took my pipe to relieve it."|
|"While in the habit of smoking," said he, "there was a hollow place in my stomach large enough to hold my two fists, which nothing could fill: food would not do it; drink would not do it; nothing but tobacco-smoke." After quitting the tobacco, "the hollow place was gradually filled up; the appetite increased, food digested better, and all the unpleasant symptoms were removed in about a month after the entire disuse of the snuff."|
|Ed. Note: See the 1857 Lancet editor's definition of "excess."|
He used spectacles for several years during his indulgence in tobacco, and he assured me that at the age of fifty-five years, he could not read a word in any common book, even in the strongest sunshine, without spectacles. He had also a ringing and deafness in both ears for ten years, and at times the right ear was entirely deaf. During the last year of his tobacco life this difficulty very perceptibly increased.
|"In about a month," said he, "after quitting tobacco in its last form, that is, snuff, my head cleared out, and I have never had a particle of the complaint since; not the least ringing, nor the least deafness."|
|"from that time to the present," says he, "I have been able, without spectacles, to read very conveniently, and to keep my minutes, having been a good deal engaged in surveying lands."|
|"I never lived high; my food was always plain, and I eat now the same things I did formerly."|
|Ed. Note: See James Parton, Smoking and Drinking (1868), p 99, on generational deterioration data.|
|"I have never been much of a smoker or snuff-taker. I began to chew tobacco in 1807. I never was able at any time to hold in my mouth a piece larger than half a common pea, without making me sick. The practice of using it was continued till 1822, when I began to think my nerves affected by the use of it, and I abandoned it.
"In 1825 I resumed the use of it, taking every precaution to use it moderately. I did not carry it about me, but kept it where I could have access to it when I wanted it. I used only the mildest I could procure. But notwithstanding all my precaution, the spasms and disagreeable sensation I had formerly felt at my stomach returned.
"I had several most severe attacks of neuralgia, which confined me for weeks,
|with the most excruciating pains in my right side and breast. It did not occur to me or to my physicians that the disorder had any connection with the use of tobacco, till in the last attack I had it occurred to me that it might be worth the trial to see what effect the abandonment of tobacco might have. This was in July, 1830.
"Since that time, I have had nothing to do with tobacco in any shape, I have not even taken a pinch of snuff, and during all the time I have thus abstained I have not felt the slightest symptom of my old complaints, but have enjoyed better health than I have had before for many years. I am satisfied that the use of tobacco, combined with my sedentary habits and great mental exertion, was the source of all my suffering; and my firm resolve is, never to have anything to do with it in any shape hereafter."
|"Numerous are the instances of constipation which I have met with from this article [tobacco]. The primary effect of it, in whatever mode consumed, is rather aperient; and the persistent or inordinate use, directly the contrary."|
|"The most common of the causes of the disease, in certain parts of our country, is the enormous consumption of tobacco in the several forms. Certain I am, at least, that a large proportion of the cases of it which come to me are thus produced. It is usually very obstinate, and sometimes of a truly melancholy character."
"a member of Congress from the West, in the meridian of life, and of a very stout frame, who told me that he labored under the greatest physical and moral infirmity, which he was utterly unable to explain; and that from having been one of the most healthy and fearless men, he had become, to use his own phrase, 'sick all over, and timid as a girl.' He could not present even a petition to Congress, much less say a word concerning it, though he had long been a practising lawyer, and served much in legislative bodies. On inquiry, I found that his consumption of tobacco was almost incredible, by chewing, snuffing, and smoking. Being satisfied that all his misery arose from this poisonous weed, its use was discontinued, and in a few weeks he entirely recovered."
A clergyman in Hamilton county, Ohio, chews tobacco, as he alleges, "to prevent his getting fat;" another clergyman in the same county, very lean of flesh, smokes cigars "to make him fat."
|"Sir, you use tobacco."
"Yes," he replied, "I chew a little."
"Well, sir, do you think it does you any good?"
"No," said he, "I think not. I believe, on the whole, it hurts me."
"Very well, then, why don't you stop it?"
"Because a man naturally wants a little something, you know, to sweeten his mouth after dinner."
"Pray, sir, what do you eat for dinner, if that nauseous thing will sweeten your mouth?"
|"How long have you taken snuff?"
"Eleven years," "was the reply.
"Indeed, madam, you must have great faith in medicine, to take it perseveringly for eleven years, without a cure, or any essential improvement."
"Yes," she replied, "but I suppose I am a great deal better than I should have been if I had not taken it."
|"Yes," said he, "I drink a little every day."
"Do you make use of tobacco?"
"Yes, I'm very fond of it, and take it pretty freely."
"Well, sir, before your eyes can be cured [as per tobacco's causative role], you must quit entirely the use of liquor and tobacco."
"As for the liquor," said he,
|"I suppose I could stop that off, but the quitting of tobacco is out of the question."
"What makes you think so, sir?"
"Why," said he, "I don't believe I should have had a sign of an eye in my head by this time, if I hadn't used tobacco."
|Ed Note: This|
the source, fraud.
Other Books by Dr. Mussey
|1. The Physiological Influence of Alcohol: from the Temperance Prize Essays (Preston: J. Livesey; Washington, Green, 1835)
2. "Tobacco." In: Vol. 1 The Boston Observer and Religious Intelligencer (#25) p 200 (Boston, 1835)
3. Prize essay on ardent spirits, and its substitutes as a means of invigorating health (Washington, D.C.: D. Green, 1835 and 1837)
4. An essay on the influence of tobacco upon life and health (Boston: Perkins & Marvin; New York: American Tract Society, 1836)
5. The Preston temperance advocate, including index and supplements, for 1836 (Preston: J. Livesey, 1836)
6. Anatomical Cabinet, belonging to R. D. Mussey, M. D., professor of surgery in the Medical College of Ohio [from 1837 to 1851] Printed for the use of pupils (Cincinnati: 1837)
7. An essay on the influence of tobacco upon life and health (Boston: Perkins & Marvin; Cincinnati, Week, 1839)
8. An essay on the influence of tobacco upon life and health (Cincinnati, G.L. Weed, 1839)
9. Invitation to visit Cincinnati, 1847 February 20, to Daniel Webster, Washington. Corp Author: Cincinnati (Ohio). Citizens. (1847)
10. Catalogue of articles in Medical Museum marked by Committee of Trustees and Dr. Mussey (1848)
11. An introductory lecture delivered at the opening of the 32nd session of the Medical College of Ohio, October 15, 1851 (Cincinnati: Marshall & Langtry, 1852)
12. The trials and rewards of the medical profession: an introductory lecture delivered at the opening of the first session of the Miami Medical College, at Cincinnati, October 3d, 1852 (Cincinnati: T. Wrightson, 1853)
13. Aneurismal tumours upon the ear, successfully treated by the ligation of both carotids; Recto-vaginal fistula, cured by operation (Philadelphia: 1853)
14. An essay on the influence of tobacco upon life and health (New York: American Tract Society, 1854)
15. Alcohol in health and disease. A lecture, introductory to the forth annual course of the Miami Medical College, at Cincinnati, October 15, 1855 (Cincinnati, T. Wrightson & Co., 1856)
16. Orders relating to colored men and colored troops, Corp Author: United States. Commission for United States Colored Troops. (Nashville, Tenn.: 1863)
Other Books on Tobacco Effects
of Immediate and Entire Reformation,
by Rev. Orin S. Fowler (1833)
The Use of Tobacco: Its Physical,
Intellectual, and Moral Effects
on The Human System by,
Dr. William A. Alcott, M.D. (1836)
The Mysteries of Tobacco,
by Rev. Benjamin Lane (1859)
The Use and Abuse of Tobacco,
by Dr. John Lizars, M.D. (1859)
Le Tabac, Le Plus Violent des Poisons,
by Dr. Hippolyte A. Depierris (1876)
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